Tokyo — Asian shares wobbled on Friday as investors braced for US tariffs against China, while the euro flirted with two-week lows after a cautious European Central Bank indicated it would not raise interest rates for some time.
US President Donald Trump has made up his mind to impose “pretty significant” tariffs and will unveil a list targeting $50bn of Chinese goods on Friday, an administration official said.
Beijing has warned that it is ready to respond.
While it is not clear when Trump will activate the measures, rising Sino-US trade tension will put additional pressure on China’s economy, which is starting to show signs of cooling under the weight of a multiyear crackdown on riskier lending.
Analysts said that although the expected announcement would probably not be a total surprise to markets — an initial list was released by Washington a few months ago — it would still make investors concerned that the window for averting a trade war may be closing.
The Asia Pacific MSCI index ex-Japan edged down 0.3%, with many regional markets shrugging off a strong close on Wall Street.
But Japan’s Nikkei average and Australian shares advanced 0.3% and 1.2% respectively.
“The implementation of tariffs on China is one of several fronts that the US is battling on the issue of trade,” said Tai Hui, chief Asia-Pacific market strategist at JPMorgan Asset Management, referring to the Trump administration’s tough stance towards Canada and Europe.
“This battleground could potentially expand into the automotive sector, given the US investigation into vehicle imports. This is likely to weigh on market sentiment over the summer.”
The euro was headed for its worst weekly loss in 19 months after the ECB signalled on Thursday that it would keep interest rates at record lows into at least mid-2019, even as it pledged to end its massive bond purchase scheme by the end of this year.
The common currency shed 1.9% to the dollar after the rate comments, in its sharpest daily fall in the almost two years since the Brexit vote shock in 2016.
In Asian trade on Friday, the euro eased 0.1% to $1.1555, its lowest level since May 30.
The dollar index against a basket of six major peers gained about 0.2% to 94.996, its highest level in two-and-a-half weeks, after rallying more than 1% the previous day.
The 10-year German bund yield also fell to 0.424% from about 0.5% before the ECB statement.
“The ECB has made it clear that it does not want quick rate hikes, although it now considers progress towards the inflation target as ‘substantial’,” said Stefan Kreuzkamp, chief investment officer at DWS.
“Against the background of uncertainties in the world today — such as trade — this makes sense, as does the emphasis on data dependency.”
On Wall Street, two of the three main indices closed higher, with technology stocks leading the charge on the benchmark S&P 500.
Helping boost US equities was a Commerce Department report showing retail sales rose more than expected in May, the latest indication of an acceleration in economic growth in the second quarter.
While the Fed and the ECB provided much of the week’s central bank fireworks, the Bank of Japan produced no surprises at the end of a two-day policy meeting on Friday and looked set to continue its massive asset-buying programme for some time.
Markets are on the lookout for clues from Bank of Japan governor Haruhiko Kuroda’s post-meeting briefing at 6.30am GMT on how long the central bank could hold off on whittling down stimulus given stubbornly weak inflation.
Oil prices were little changed as investors eyed a key Opec meeting in Vienna. Saudi Arabia and Russia, architects of a producer deal to cut output, have indicated they want production to rise.
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil futures were up 0.1% at $66.93 a barrel, while Brent was down 0.1% at $75.87.
Many markets in Asia were closed on Friday for holidays celebrating the end of Ramadan.