China is poised to drive down global EV prices

BYD’s Atto3 EV, which is available in South Africa

Europe’s car makers have a fight on their hands to produce lower-cost electric vehicles and erase China’s lead in developing cheaper, more consumer-friendly models, executives said at Munich’s IAA mobility show.

“We have to close the gap on costs with some Chinese players that started on EVs a generation earlier,” Renault CEO Luca de Meo said, adding when manufacturing costs decline, prices will also go down.

De Meo said as part of the French car maker’s drive toward price parity with the Chinese, its R5 EV due out next year will be 25-30% cheaper than its electric Scenic and Megane models.

Chinese EV makers, including BYD, Nio and Xpeng, are all targeting Europe’s EV market, where sales soared nearly 55% to about 820 000 vehicles in the first seven months of 2023, making up about 13% of all car sales.

Xpeng plans to expand into more European markets in 2024, and Zhejiang Leapmotor Technology announced five models for overseas markets, including Europe, over the next two years.

According to motoring consultancy Inovev, 8% of new EVs sold in Europe so far this year were made by Chinese brands, up from 6% last year and 4% in 2021.

About 41% of exhibitors at this year’s Munich event are headquartered in Asia, with double the number of Chinese companies attending, including BYD, Xpeng and battery maker CATL.

The arrival of Chinese EV makers in Europe has raised concerns they could dominate EV sales.

‘Losing our competitiveness’

“We (Germany) are losing our competitiveness,” said Hildegard Mueller, president of the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA), adding the Munich car show illustrated “how the high pressure of international competition” makes it essential for Germany to invest more in electrification.

The average EV in China cost less than €32 000 in the first half of 2022 compared with around €56 000 in Europe, according to researchers at Jato Dynamics.

“The base car market segment will either vanish or will not be done by European manufacturers,” BMW CEO Oliver Zipse said on Sunday evening in reference to China’s push into Europe.

Read: Gov’t to help SA’s motoring industry transition to EVs

Mercedes-Benz will present its CLA compact class and BMW its Neue Klasse, both targeting higher range and efficiency while halving production costs.

Volkswagen CEO Oliver Blume told reporters that through its partnerships in China, the car maker aims to cut battery cell costs by 50%.

European car makers are struggling to get EV prices down

Xpeng president Brian Gu said while European car makers currently lag behind China, they have made a “huge commitment” to EVs with partnerships and large investments in technology.

“I would never discount the large [car makers] trying really hard to come back and focus on this important transition,” Gu said.

Motoring industry analyst Ferdinand Dudenhoeffer said the Chinese are “world champions” at making batteries, which can make up 40% of an EV’s cost.

Read: All the EVs for sale in South Africa – Q3 2023

Chinese battery makers setting up in Germany are helping to lower EV costs and German politicians need to make sure they are “not driven out of the country with stupid decoupling strategies”, Dudenhoeffer added.  — Nick Carey, Victoria Waldersee, Gilles Gillaume Christina Amann, Zoey Zhang and Jan Schwartz, (c) 2023 Reuters

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