Western Cape’s plan to end load shedding
South Africa’s only opposition-led province plans to facilitate the construction of almost 6GW of power generation capacity to counter nationwide electricity shortages and bolster the regional economy.
The Western Cape aims to add as much as 750MW of supply by 2025 and to reach 5.7GW by 2035, Premier Alan Winde, a member of the Democratic Alliance, said in an interview on Wednesday. That should be sufficient to meet demand as the provincial economy expands.
Eskom, which generates more than 90% of South Africa’s electricity, has been forced to implement load shedding periodically since 2008, with outages currently at record levels. The ANC has announced emergency measures and declared a state of disaster to help it address the crisis, but there’s no sign of it abating in the near term.
Winde met with Eskom’s former CEO, André de Ruyter, shortly after he tendered his resignation in December, to seek advice over how the province should approach energy provision.
“He said you have to become independent as quickly as possible,” Winde recalled. The outgoing CEO didn’t provide much detail, but expressed that “there’s big trouble ahead and, you know, do what you can”, the premier said.
Winde has put a team together to expedite larger generation projects, and intends on assisting municipalities to boost their power supply with a budget that will be announced in mid-March. The World Bank is providing an adviser, Karen Breytenbach, who previously led South Africa’s independent power producer office, to help shape the plans.
One of the key challenges for South Africa’s power system is its inadequate transmission grid. A shortage of connections meant that not a single wind project was selected in the national government’s latest award of contracts to private producers to supply additional electricity.
The Western Cape government has yet to determine which transmission options — Eskom infrastructure, municipal grids and micro grids — will work best and in what combination, according to Winde. The province plans will have to take into account its growing population, which is projected to hit eight million in the next six years, up from 7.2 million currently.
The ANC has targeted a US$250-billion green hydrogen industry by 2050 as part of long-term plans to reduce the nation’s reliance on coal, create a new export industry and use cleaner technologies. Some of those plans include reviving a mothballed ArcelorMittal steel plant in Saldanha, north of Cape Town, to utilise the fuel.
Sasol has said it would potentially accelerate its own plans to develop and export green hydrogen to growing meet demand from Europe.
Read: Karpowership demands retraction from De Ruyter over TV interview
A green hydrogen industry, which is dependent on the development of renewable energy, will have to benefit the local economy, according to Winde. Eskom estimates the nation requires 53GW of clean energy capacity by 2032 to make up for coal plant closures and reach a secure level of supply.
“You can’t have hydrogen exports to Europe and load shedding in South Africa,” Winde said. “I mean, the citizens will just burn everything down.” — Paul Burkhardt and Paul Vecchiatto, (c) 2023 Bloomberg LP
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