Sydney — Asian shares rested at record highs on Thursday as investors digested recent meaty gains, while bulls were sustained by the promise of endless free money after a benign reading on US inflation and a dovish Federal Reserve outlook.
Adding to the torpor was a lack of liquidity as markets in China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan were all on holiday.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan added 0.1%, having already climbed for four sessions to be up over 10% so far in 2021.
Japan’s Nikkei was shut after ending at a 30-year peak on Wednesday, while Australia’s main index held near an 11-month high.
With China off, there was little reaction to news the Biden administration will look at adding “new targeted restrictions” on certain sensitive technology exports to the Asian giant and would maintain tariffs for now.
Futures for the S&P 500 and Nasdaq were both steady, having hit historic highs on Wednesday. Eurostoxx 50 futures and FTSE futures barely budged.
Still, the outlook for more global stimulus got a major boost overnight from a surprisingly soft reading on core US inflation, which eased to 1.4% in January.
Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell said he wanted to see inflation reach 2% or more before even saying of tapering the bank’s super-easy policies.
Notably, Powell emphasised that once pandemic effects were stripped out, unemployment was nearer 10% than the reported 6.3% and thus a long way from full employment.
As a result, Powell called for a “society-wide commitment” to reducing unemployment, which analysts saw as strong support for President Joe Biden’s $1.9-trillion stimulus package.
Indeed, Westpac economist Elliot Clarke estimated more than $5-trillion in cumulative stimulus, worth 23% of GDP, would be required to repair the damage done by the pandemic.
“Historical experience provides strong justification to only act against undesired inflationary pressures once they have been seen, after full employment has been achieved,” he said.
“To that end, financial conditions are expected to remain highly supportive of the US economy and global financial markets in 2021, and likely through 2022.”
The mix of bottomless Fed funds and a tame inflation report was a salve for bond market pains, leaving 10-year yields at 1.12% from a 1.20% high early in the week.
That in turn weighed on the US dollar, which slipped to 90.395 on a basket of currencies and away from a 10-week top of 91.600 touched late last week.
The dollar eased to ¥104.57, from a recent peak of 105.76, while the euro rallied to $1.2122 from its low of $1.1950.
In commodity markets, gold was sidelined at $1,838/oz as investors drove platinum to a six-year peak on bets of more demand from the automobile sector.
Oil prices took a breather, having enjoyed the longest winning streak in two years amid producer supply cuts and hopes vaccine rollouts will drive a recovery in demand.
“The current price levels are healthier than the actual market and entirely reliant on supply cuts, as demand still needs to recover,” cautioned Bjornar Tonhaugen of Rystad Energy.
Brent crude futures eased back 40 US cents to $61.07, while US crude dipped 36c to $58.32 a barrel.